This scene was animated with a clean line throughout. There was no ruffing in of the animation to be cleaned up later.  Animation completed in this manner is immediately ready for inking (outlining of the character onto a cel in ink or digitally in the computer) and painting. This method is not the preferred method as there are some drawbacks to it. First, you have to have exceptional drawing ability to carry this out, making sure your character stays on model as well as maintaining consistent volumes throughout the scene. Second, it's painstakingly slow. Third, you generally need to put your nuances in (eye blinks, overlapping action, follow through, etc) as you go along since the animation is basically done in one pass. One needs experience to animate this way in order for the resulting animation not coming out looking stiff or contrived. It is sometimes employed on projects where there are smaller budgets and not a large crew.

I created this animation for my students to demonstrate this style of animation. I first produced the KEY drawings (in red line) and after timing the action, I did the INBETWEEN drawings (in purple line). I drew directly into the ADOBE ANIMATE program on the computer using a Wacom tablet and digital stylus. By the way, it is easier to do clean up animation with a pencil on paper than it is on the computer as you have more control over your line. With practice however, drawing into the computer becomes second nature.

The character Yogi Bear is copyright Hanna Barbera.

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